telescopes uk

Telescopes UK – Amazing discoveries

Telescopes UK the 40-Foot structure

The UK has been renowned for producing high calibre telescopes. One of the first historical notes about a UK telescope that is treasured from the 17 century. England Observatory House built this telescope called the ‘40-foot’, and its patent innovator was William Herschel. Equipped with a mirror of 120 cm diameter the focal length of the telescope was 40-foot. For half a century, Forty Foot had been the world’s largest telescope. One of the famous discoveries made through the telescope includes Saturn’s seven moons. Even the 40-foot dismantled in 1984, its mirror and the tube are at the Observatory to date.

Telescopes UK – Bradford Robotic Telescope

The University of Bradford owns the Bradford Robotic Telescope.   Located in the Canary Islands between 2002 and 2004 for students’ use initially, but now, also used by individuals. By 2009 records show that over 23,000 have used the telescopes and the telescopes has sent over 70,000 images. The Open University took over its ownership and renamed it Autonomous Robotic Telescope (ART) in 2016. The telescope is equipped with three varying optical views from different angles.

Telescopes UK and the Carlsberg Meridian Telescope

The Carlsberg Meridian Telescope was also in the Canary Islands. The exact location of the telescope is Roque de Los Muchachos Observatory in the islands. It was able to capture clear astrometry images, but now it is not in use. The last image taken by the Carlsberg Meridian Telescope was said to have been on January 1, 2013.

Telescopes UK -Craig Telescope

The biggest telescope equipped with lenses had been the Craig Telescope located in London from 1852 to 1857 and removed in 1857. Its replacement became the largest and held rank for a half century. The second was a creation by Rev. John Craig. After that, the 3rd Earl of Rosse, William Parsons built a telescope in Ireland which also became the World’s largest telescope.

Telescopes UK – Isaac Newton Telescope

The Canary Islands’ INGat Roque de Los Muchachos Observatory on La Palma boasts the Isaac Newton Telescope installed in 1984. Initially, this telescope was at the Royal Greenwich Observatory in Herstmonceux Castle in Sussex in England. The Issac Newtown telescope in the Island is only one of many that take the name of Isaac Newton.

The James Gregory Telescopes UK

The Telescope James Gregory is at the University of St Andrews in Scotland, built in 1962 and equipped with a CCD camera. It is the largest telescope that is in use in the UK to date. The School of Physics and Astronomy at the University now uses this telescope for projects such as Super WASP and the black hole. Academic James Gregory, who invented the telescope, was a Scottish mathematician, and astronomer.

Shuckburgh Telescope UK

British innovator Jesse Ramsden (1735 -1804) built the Shuckburgh Telescope in 1791 for Sir George Shuckburgh (1751 – 1804). The telescope located in Warwickshire was shifted to Greenwich Royal Observatory in 1811 and from there to the London Science Museum. It was one of the largest telescopes at the time on an equatorial mount.

Telescopes UK at the Jodrell Bank Observatory

The National Museum of Scotland displays designs of telescopes produced by James Gregory (1638-1675). His notes at the museum show details of ‘reflecting telescopes’. His telescope designs are equipped with mirrors instead of glass lenses. The Jodrell Bank Observatory located in Lower Withington boasts the Searchlight Telescope, which the observatory received from the Army in 1946. Equipped with a range of Yagi antennas, the Jodrell Bank itself built the Transit Telescope in 1947, and it was the largest in the world at the time. Lovell Telescope, Mark II, III, IV, V, and VA are other telescopes displayed at the Observatory.